The coin was available from the U.S. Mint from June 7, 2001, until it sold out on June 21, 2001. The coin was authorized to commemorate the National Museum of the American Indian of the Smithsonian Institution, the museum's opening, and to supplement the museum's ongoing endowment and educational funds. A surcharge of 10 per coin helped fund the opening of the National Museum of the American Indian and to supplement to endowment and educational outreach efforts of the museum. The design is based on the five-cent Buffalo nickel designed by James Earle Fraser and minted from 1913-1938. That design features two American icons: a Native American profile, and an American Buffalo. This coin has been graded a near perfect MS69, by PCGS, the Professional Coin Grading Service.